Common Plumbing Code Violations To Be Aware Of

Various plumbing codes, including the IPC (International Plumbing Code), have developed over decades in Arizona and throughout the U.S. Most are mandatory requirements that will keep you from running into costly and possibly dangerous problems with your pipes and fixtures. However, just because these codes exist doesn’t guarantee that they will be heeded. In fact, plumbing code infractions are some of the most common violations you can find in homes today, principally because there are a lot of DIY plumbers out there who don’t have a lot of experience with the provisions. Becoming familiar with some of the most common plumbing code violations can be valuable for homeowners, home shoppers, and real estate professionals.

Drain Pipe With Wrong Slope

The most optimal slope for drain pipes is 1/4 inch per foot. In some jurisdictions, the slope may be as little as 1/16 inch per foot. Regardless, under-and over-sloped pipes are common problems that often result in severe blockages. If the slope of the drain pipe is inadequate, then the wastewater won’t have enough gravitational force to cause it to drain properly. If there is too much slope, then the wastewater will flow too quickly and likely leave solids behind.

Improper Spacing Around Bathroom Fixtures

To be properly up to code, each fixture in your bathroom must have a certain amount of space around it. This space requirement is essential for the safe and proper use of the fixtures. Keep in mind that when reviewing the space requirements, measurements start from the drain or the center of the fixture and not the fixture’s edge.

Most codes dictate there be at least 21 inches of space in front of your sink and toilet. As far as side to side is concerned, there must be at least 15 inches of space between the center of the toilet or sink and the wall and 30 inches between them and the drains of other fixtures.

Improperly Installed TPRV Pipe

The temperature pressure relief valve is an important safety device that prevents your water heater from turning into a bomb. Its job is to make sure the water heater tank doesn’t take on more pressure than it’s designed to handle. Without this valve, the tank’s pressure will continue to increase, and the water inside will become superheated past its normal boiling point until the tank explodes.

A discharge pipe should be connected to the TPRV. This pipe’s job is to take on the water released from the TPRV and route it to a proper discharge location. Most plumbing codes give specific instructions regarding the discharge pipe.

Most codes require that the pipe:

  • Be constructed of approved metals and plastics, such as CPVC, copper and polyethylene
  • Not be the same size or larger than the valve to which it’s connected
  • Not be longer than necessary
  • Be as straight as possible
  • Be installed in such a way that gravity causes it to drain
  • Not contain a trap
  • Flows into a floor drain or outdoors
  • Not connect directly to the drainage system
  • Discharge through a visible air gap in the same room as the water-heating appliance
  • Discharge to a termination point that is readily observable by occupants
  • Not contain valves or tee fittings
  • Not have a threaded connection at the end so as to avoid capping

There are even more requirements, which is why TPRV discharge pipes commonly have code issues.

Insufficient or Missing Air Gaps for Fixtures and Appliances

To prevent wastewater from making its way into the freshwater lines, there needs to be a minimum air gap between the tap or water outlet and the flood line of a sink or fixture. With this gap, there is no danger of the wastewater making its way into the tap or water outlet in case the sink overflows.

With dishwashers, air gaps operate a little differently. A dishwasher air gap is a small cylinder-shaped piece of equipment that is installed next to your kitchen faucet. They have been in existence for a long time but were not required in many states until recently.

Insufficient Number of or Missing Cleanouts

A cleanout is a location in your piping system that gives you access to your sewer pipe. Cleanouts are important because they make diagnosing and fixing pipe and sewer problems relatively easy and convenient. They are usually located outside somewhere, often in the lawn, and have a screw top opening.

According to code, cleanouts are necessary for horizontal pipe runs of 100 feet. They are also required within 10 feet of where the drain connects to the sewer. Additionally, cleanouts are required when there’s a change of direction with your pipes that is more than 45 degrees.

Inaccessible Cleanouts

In order for a cleanout to be useful, it must be placed in an accessible location. However, this does not always happen. There should be 18 inches of clearance in front of each cleanout or 12 inches for pipes that are 2 inches or smaller. Cleanouts that are located in concealed piping with less than 24 inches of vertical clearance must be positioned above the flooring or placed outside of the structure.

Unvented Traps

Traps maintain a barrier between your fixture and the sewer system of your home. Generally, you’ll see two types of traps when dealing with bathroom and kitchen sinks — P-traps and S-traps. S-traps are essentially two P-traps that are connected and form the shape of an “S.” The problem with S-traps is they don’t allow for venting.

Venting allows for the entry of air into your plumbing system. This air will help the wastewater flow correctly while allowing for odors and gasses to escape. Vents normally run up through the roof. Without venting, you risk sewage backing up into your fixtures.

Call the Pros for Dependable Plumbing Work

There are a lot of DIY plumbers who do their own pipework for bathroom and kitchen remodel projects. In some cases, these DIYers are skilled and knowledgeable. They may even be plumbing professionals. However, in most cases, the work they do is not up to code and will need to be corrected. If you want your plumbing updates to be done properly, your best bet is to call in the pros.

At Christian Brothers Air Conditioning, Plumbing & Electrical, we’ve got years of plumbing experience and hundreds of satisfied customers. If you’re in need of plumbing done right, then contact us. Our crew has corrected plenty of problems caused by DIY projects. No matter what may be wrong with your pipes, we’ll find a solution.

We also offer an array of heating and cooling services, including AC repair and maintenance, ductless mini-split repair and maintenance, and heating repair and maintenance. Additionally, we have licensed electricians who can provide you with a whole host of electrical services, from electrical repairs and installations to electrical inspections. Call Christian Brothers in Glendale, AZ, for more information today.

Air conditioning, Plumbing, Electrical repair since 1976 in Phoenix, AZ.


The Best Air Purifiers For Germs

Germs are harmful organisms that can have devastating health effects on your family. If you want to avoid getting sick, keeping a clean living space is essential. While washing with disinfectant helps in killing most settled germs, this doesn’t address the millions of harmful particles that could be floating in your air.

To get rid of all these airborne particles, you need to have the right air cleaner in your home. Picking the right products can be difficult. To help you out, we’ve made a case for some of the best home air purifiers that you can use to remove germs.

Alen BreatheSmart Classic Large Room Air Purifier

If you have a large home, you need to consider a heavy-duty air purifier that has the necessary capacity to handle everything without continuous movement. Alen BreatheSmart Classic Large Room Air Purifier is one of the best air purifiers for large homes. It can easily clean up to 1,100 square feet every 30 minutes, which is an amazing level of effectiveness. Since this product was designed by NASA airflow engineers, you can count on it to have a long service life.

Levoit Compact Air Purifier

Airborne germs tend to accumulate in small, hard-to-reach areas. Tight spaces are shielded from direct light, and they evade cleaning because access is so difficult. With its unique size and contemporary design, the Levoit Compact Air Purifier is perfect for cleaning the air in compact spaces. While this 28-watt air purifier isn’t as strong as some other options on this list, it still removes 99.97% of harmful air particles.

Blueair Blue Pure 211+

Blueair Blue Pure 211+ has been custom-made to remove germs in three stages. The first stage involves removing large particles that can physically be seen. These include pet dander and big dust particles. The second and third stages specialize in handling small microorganisms, including germs and viruses that most of the people cannot see with their naked eyes. This process is very effective for homes with pets.

Philips Smart Air Purifier

Most people cannot tell the difference between clean air and air that has not been purified. These homeowners generally don’t invest in air purification because they do not understand how the system works. However, Philips Smart Air Purifier has incorporated some innovative techniques that it uses to show the difference between clean and dirty air. A blue light display shows that the air is good and does not have germs. The red light display shows dirty air that has the presence of bacteria.

Honeywell True HEPA Allergen Air Purifier

Allergens such as pollen grains, dust particles, and germs are especially hazardous for individuals with breathing problems. The secret to enjoying life without allergic reactions is to get an air purifier specifically designed to eliminate allergens. Honeywell True HEPA Allergen Air Purifier has been recommended by experts for the removal of allergens in all types of homes. It can clean the air within a short period. This means that pet dander and other allergens will be eliminated before they have the chance to settle and wreak havoc on a vulnerable respiratory system.

PARTU Air Purifier

Unfortunately, many of the most effective air purifiers can make a lot of noise during operation. These systems can be especially distracting if you live in a small home or apartment. However, the PARTU Air Purifier claims to be the quietest germs removal system in the market. With this system, you’ll be able to enjoy restful nights without any form of disturbances. Even better, PARTU Air Purifiers are great at eliminating germs.

Dyson Pure Cool Link Desk Air Purifier

Dyson has been in the industry for many years manufacturing some amazing cleaning devices that have been working magic in various homes. In the last few years, the company has incorporated air purifiers in its product lineup. The Dyson Pure Cool Link Desk Air Purifier has been structured to clean air around the desk, which means that it is an essential system for small areas. However, this system features a HEPA that removes 99.97% of allergens and pollutants. It also boasts a cool night-time auto mode.

Molekule Air Purifier

Selling for $800, the Molekule Air Purifier is currently one of the most expensive air purifiers on the market. However, it’s worth every penny if you want amazing air quality in a large room. The system has incorporated PECO technology to maximum levels, and it uses a 360-degree intake that pulls in pollutants from all sides. Since the system works to destroy germs, not just collect them, it’s very effective. The system replaces the air in a 600 square-foot room every hour.

GermGuardian True HEPA Filter Air Purifier

This is an air purifier that has specifically been designed to deal with bacteria and viruses in homes. Although it can handle air purification activities, most of the homeowners are buying it to deal with microorganisms. The GermGuardian True HEPA Filter Air Purifier uses UV-C light to deal with all the nasty organisms. However, you can switch the UV-C light off and allow the system to work as normal. This unit has a pre-filter, which expands with time, thereby increasing the life of the HEPA filter.

TruSens Air Purifier 360 HEPA Filtration

If you are looking for an air purifier to last decades, consider the TruSens Air Purifier 360 HEPA Filtration. This is an innovative system that helps homeowners to monitor air quality through remote sensing. The SensorPod takes air quality readings and communicates them back to the purifier. What this means is that the TruSens never lags when pollutants need to be eliminated. You can even check up on it via the Air Quality Indicator. This system has a 360-degree DuPont filtration, which means that it can clean air evenly around a 75-square-foot area.

Vornado Air Purifier with True HEPA and Carbon Filtration

With two HEPA filters, the Vornado Air Purifier can eliminate 99.97%. This air cleaner works via a combination of titanium dioxide and UV-C light that has been designed to destroy germs and viruses. If you are an environmental enthusiast, you can consider this system because it has been developed with an energy-saving DC motor. It offers whole-room air purification up to 335 square feet.

What Next?

If you want to live in a healthy home, you must include an air purifier. The best systems will not only help you to remove germs, bacteria, and viruses, but they can also filter out other pollutants such as pet dander, fur, and dust particles.

When looking for air purifiers, Christian Brothers Air Conditioning, Plumbing & Electrical in Glendale, AZ, is your partner. We’ve been dealing with indoor air quality for over 40 years now. We can also repair, install and maintain heating and cooling systems. Of course, we provide plumbing and electrical services too.

If you need help improving the air quality in your home, call Christian Brothers to get the necessary assistance.

Air conditioning, Plumbing, Electrical repair since 1976 in Phoenix, AZ.